Marking of the fibre composition of textile products is mandatory in the EU in the case of textiles intended for sale to final consumers. The regulations determine what information must be included in products.
According to Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011 (the Textile Marking Regulation), textile products sold to consumers must bear a marking indicating the fibre composition of the product.
- The fibre composition must be indicated as percentages from the highest to the lowest.
- Only the textile fibre names in Annex I of the Textile Marking Regulation are to be used (e.g. cotton, wool, polyester).
- Using abbreviations (e.g. 100% CO) is NOT allowed.
- Any other information, such as instructions for care and trade names/trademarks, must be clearly separated from the fibre composition.
The information must be affixed to the product either as a separate label or as a marking directly affixed to the product (e.g. by sewing or pressing) in a place easily found. In Finland, the information must be provided to consumers in both Finnish and Swedish. In principle, the manufacturer of the product or the party importing the product into the EU is responsible for the correctness of the marking. In some cases, a distributor may also be considered the manufacturer.
Textiles sold to consumers are also subject to marking requirements for general consumer goods. For more information about the marking and safety of textile products, visit the website of the Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency at https://tukes.fi/en/products-and-services/general-consumer-goods/textiles
Furthermore, specific product categories, such as protective clothing, have their own specific marking requirements that manufacturers must investigate before placing their products on the market. You can read more about these requirements here: https://tukes.fi/en/products-and-services/personal-protective-equipment
In addition to the abovementioned marking, additional information on the product may be provided on a voluntary basis.